What We’re Reading

Young Australians prefer to get their news from family, study finds

Young Australians prefer to get their news from family, study finds

While one-third of young Australians feel confident about spotting fake news online, most rarely or never try to find out if online news stories are true or not.
People who share news on social media are more susceptible to misinformation

People who share news on social media are more susceptible to misinformation

People with higher levels of news literacy are less likely to use social media for their news, preferring more trusted sources instead. People who do get their news from social media are much less skeptical of online news, which makes them vulnerable to misinformation.
Swedish students are better at identifying fake images than fake news, a new study finds

Swedish students are better at identifying fake images than fake news, a new study finds

The Uppsala University research noted nine out of 10 teenagers couldn't distinguish a news story from an advertisement.
Moderating uncivil comments takes an emotional toll and lowers trust in news

Moderating uncivil comments takes an emotional toll and lowers trust in news

Uncivil comments taint people's perception of a news site. They also make moderators more emotionally exhausted and less likely to trust said news outlet, researchers with UT Austin found.
Young Americans aren’t as confident in their ability to spot fake news as Qatari youths

Young Americans aren’t as confident in their ability to spot fake news as Qatari youths

A new study notes Middle Eastern participants are more confident in identifying misinformation, but there was no significant difference in how people verified information.
What’s standing in the way of Moroccan media literacy education?

What’s standing in the way of Moroccan media literacy education?

Although many Moroccan secondary school teachers want to teach their students media literacy, educators cite limited training and materials as huge hurdles.
Readers don’t buy outright lies — but social media users buy a blend of truth and partisan bias the most

Readers don’t buy outright lies — but social media users buy a blend of truth and partisan bias the most

Researchers say "fake news" is more defined by partisanship and identity politics than deception and misinformation.
The different ways journalism and librarianship academia address fake news

The different ways journalism and librarianship academia address fake news

A Bradley University professor found librarianship academic articles were less likely to be critical of misinformation on social media than journalism academic articles.
More engagement leads to more fake news sharing, researchers say

More engagement leads to more fake news sharing, researchers say

Researchers asked: How can we encourage citizens to be enthusiastic and politically active without spreading misinformation? 
More people spread made-up news than people who correct it

More people spread made-up news than people who correct it

A new Online Civic Culture Centre study found most British social media users shy away from correcting misinformation — but a large chunk of people have spread misleading news.
How emotional reactions influence the way audiences understand news

How emotional reactions influence the way audiences understand news

Findings suggest that a high "need for affect" (NFA), or desire for strong emotions, can mislead readers into thinking they learned more than they actually did.
Outrageous clickbait content can deter long-term engagement, study finds

Outrageous clickbait content can deter long-term engagement, study finds

Using outrage as a draw reduces credibility and audience trust, according to new research from the University of Texas at Austin.
How community engagement translates to success for local news

How community engagement translates to success for local news

New Pew research finds news consumers rate their local news outlets higher if they believe the journalists are connected to the community.
Media literacy, photography skills — not content — matter most when IDing fake images

Media literacy, photography skills — not content — matter most when IDing fake images

UC Davis study finds viewers’ digital literacy skills, social media use and digital imaging experience are “significant predictors of image credibility evaluation.”
News literacy messages can fight social media misinformation

News literacy messages can fight social media misinformation

News literacy messages can counteract misinformation and boost positive beliefs of news literacy, but only with multiple messages.
5 strategies to tell if an image is fake

5 strategies to tell if an image is fake

In a sea of misinformation, it takes a sharp eye to recognize subtle signs of fakery. Luckily, there are ways for you to train yourself to recognize an image that’s been edited to mislead you.
Is fraudulent news the ‘new normal’?

Is fraudulent news the ‘new normal’?

PEN America addresses how misinformation has — and will — shaped American elections in its newest report, “Truth on the Ballot.”
How news literacy messages can change the way people seek out news media

How news literacy messages can change the way people seek out news media

Can media literacy education mitigate the effect of selective exposure?
How relevance shapes the public’s news decisions

How relevance shapes the public’s news decisions

A new study from The Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism finds relevancy is the key factor in how people choose news stories to read.
UT Austin study suggests process boxes can boost audience trust

UT Austin study suggests process boxes can boost audience trust

Audiences rated news stories with a box explaining their process as more trustworthy than articles without.
Flu vaccine myths and misinformation: Don’t spread it in the first place

Flu vaccine myths and misinformation: Don’t spread it in the first place

The spread of flu vaccine misinformation is changing the way we share information.
College students are skeptical of misinformation

College students are skeptical of misinformation

Half of students surveyed said they are not confident in discerning “real news” from “fake news.”
YouTube series “Navigating Digital Misinformation” teaches teens to be MediaWise

YouTube series “Navigating Digital Misinformation” teaches teens to be MediaWise

Teens on the internet are susceptible to online misinformation. That’s why MediaWise is teaming up with social media influencers to teach media literacy skills.
Study: Losing local newspapers leads to more polarized voting

Study: Losing local newspapers leads to more polarized voting

When local newspapers close, people turn to national news sources, which focus more on inter-party conflict and provide a simplified view of political issues.
Conflict in the comment section can hurt a news site’s credibility

Conflict in the comment section can hurt a news site’s credibility

A new UT Austin study suggests journalists should ensure the discussions in their comment sections are civil in order to retain new readers and keep their trust.
9 tools to identify fake images and videos

9 tools to identify fake images and videos

Altered photos and videos have become almost impossible detect with the human eye. These nine resources can help us recognize fake content on the internet.
8 resources to detect fake news

8 resources to detect fake news

Stop the spread of misinformation with these tools, from stance detection code to fact-checking websites, to identify fake news.
New study details role of fake accounts, bots in misinformation wave

New study details role of fake accounts, bots in misinformation wave

A Nature Communications study found bots were responsible for 34 percent of all shared articles from non-credible sources.
The information rich will get richer and the information poor will get poorer, Oxford reports

The information rich will get richer and the information poor will get poorer, Oxford reports

Tabloid news has a higher reach amongst low-income individuals, suggesting misinformation disproportionately affects poorer people.
How to restore trust? Look to traditional journalism tenets

How to restore trust? Look to traditional journalism tenets

A new study finds Australians want their news to be accurate and objective, not necessarily friendly and accessible.
Shortcut Roundup: Quick guides to become media literate

Shortcut Roundup: Quick guides to become media literate

We compiled a list of nine useful acronyms and easy-to-remember questions that make media literacy easy.
Fake and conspiracy news outlets dominated during 2016 election

Fake and conspiracy news outlets dominated during 2016 election

Knight research finds 6.6 million tweets linked to fake and conspiracy news publishers in the month before the 2016 election.
Education Roundup: Tools for teaching media literacy

Education Roundup: Tools for teaching media literacy

We outline six resources for educators to teach their students media literacy skills. Step into the virtual classroom to guide the digital citizens of the future.
Alexa, what’s the future of news on smart speakers?

Alexa, what’s the future of news on smart speakers?

A new study finds nearly half of U.K. smart speaker owners use the news function daily, but only 1 percent find it the most important feature.
Communities identify the 6 qualities newsrooms need to earn trust

Communities identify the 6 qualities newsrooms need to earn trust

Newsrooms should become more authentic, diverse and positive to gain the public's trust, according to community conversations.
Social media use is evolving for a new generation of teens

Social media use is evolving for a new generation of teens

As the technology landscape evolves for young people, so do concerns about the impact it is having on their lives.
Educators unsure: Can students identify fake news?

Educators unsure: Can students identify fake news?

A new study finds nearly all education leaders are concerned about "students’ inability to gauge the reliability of online news."
How media brands affect people’s trust in news

How media brands affect people’s trust in news

Americans are less trusting of information when they know where it comes from, a new Knight Foundation study finds.
Study: Local news in small communities is suffering

Study: Local news in small communities is suffering

Media outlets in “news deserts” lack originality, geographic relevance and critical information, according to Duke University research.
Social media: Changing the way news is consumed

Social media: Changing the way news is consumed

Inaccuracy tops people’s concerns about social media, Pew researchers find.
Americans have trouble differing fact from opinion, Pew reports

Americans have trouble differing fact from opinion, Pew reports

Only 26 percent of U.S. adults could properly distinguish between fact and opinion statements.
War On Fake News & The Help of Behavioral Science by Gleb Tsipursky

War On Fake News & The Help of Behavioral Science by Gleb Tsipursky

Gleb Tsipursky, co-founder of the Pro-Truth Pledge project, details 12 small efforts to help steer people to act honestly on social media.
Media Insight Project’s Americans and the News Media: What they do — and don’t — understand about each other

Media Insight Project’s Americans and the News Media: What they do — and don’t — understand about each other

The public believes the current media landscape is dominated by opinion, and that journalists have low expectations of their audiences' knowledge of how news works.
News games: engaging tools for fighting misinformation

News games: engaging tools for fighting misinformation

These five entertaining games teach media literacy skills in a fun and playable format.
The Oxygen of Amplification by Whitney Philips

The Oxygen of Amplification by Whitney Philips

"At a certain point you have to realize you're promoting them." Whitney Philips discusses the best way to report on extremists, antagonists and manipulators who spread misinformation online.
Tackling Online Disinformation: A European Approach

Tackling Online Disinformation: A European Approach

The High Level Expert Group on Fake News and Online Disinformation says the way to fight fake news is to enhance transparency, promote media literacy and continue research.

How Youth Navigate The News Landscape from the Knight Foundation

How Youth Navigate The News Landscape from the Knight Foundation

Young people in general consume news sporadically, think traditional news sources are biased and feel responsible for verifying the information they consume.
Science’s Trust Problem by Louise Lief

Science’s Trust Problem by Louise Lief

In 2018, 84 percent of Americans could not name a living scientists. Scientists, like journalists, must find a better way to connect with the public.
Scientists Need Stronger Public Engagement in ‘Post-Truth’ World, Says Former NOAA Administrator

Scientists Need Stronger Public Engagement in ‘Post-Truth’ World, Says Former NOAA Administrator

In a piece published by the American Institute of Physics, Alexis Wolfe provides an analysis of Jane Lubchenco’s continued effort to mend the disconnect between science and society. Lubchenco, who is also the former head of National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), recently gave a lecture stressing the importance for the scientific community to adapt
API report calls for journalists’ help in improving “news fluency”

API report calls for journalists’ help in improving “news fluency”

Journalists can change the way they build stories to create organic news fluency, ​say ​American Press Institute’s Tom Rosenstiel and Jane Elizabeth. ​We agree, of course — ​and applaud​ the way they’ve used “news fluency” as an alternative terminology to news literacy. Whereas literacy implies something one can or can’t do, ​news fluency describes how news users are always
Reports and curated insights from American Press Institute

Reports and curated insights from American Press Institute

We are taking a look at a large selection of reports and curated insights from American Press Institute. The institute helps advance journalism through a combined effort to improve both the journalist’s side and audience’s side. In curating this collection, the institute is extending their efforts to provide resources for educators, news organizations, or general
Social media platforms’ business model promotes misinformation

Social media platforms’ business model promotes misinformation

Transparency can no longer be a choice for social media platforms, the Shorenstein Center argues. That boils down to companies sharing more data with the public.
The Science People See on Social Media by Pew Research Center

The Science People See on Social Media by Pew Research Center

  Paul Hitlin and Kenneth Olmstead of the Pew Research Center studied the type of information that the 30 largest science-based Facebook pages posted, and found that people are far more likely to see practical tips and promotions than “new developments in the science, engineering and technology world.”
Social Media, Political Polarization, and Political Disinformation: A Review of the Scientific Literature by Hewlett Foundation

Social Media, Political Polarization, and Political Disinformation: A Review of the Scientific Literature by Hewlett Foundation

In this review of scientific literature, the Hewlett Foundation offers an overview of what is known about the relationship between social media, political polarization and political disinformation, and addresses opportunities to close gaps in the research. The report is a useful tool for researchers, educators and journalism practitioners interested in the intersection of social media,
Studies show lack of media literacy in students has negative impact by Laura Splilsbury

Studies show lack of media literacy in students has negative impact by Laura Splilsbury

At the basis of media literacy is critical thinking, as can be seen in an article in The Daily Universe from Brigham Young University journalism student Laura Spilsbury.
News Literacy: Teaching the Internet Generation to Make Reliable Information Choices by Stony Brook University

News Literacy: Teaching the Internet Generation to Make Reliable Information Choices by Stony Brook University

Coming from the Center for Effective Public Management at Brookings is a detailed paper by James Klurfield and Howard Schneider on their experience infusing news literacy into general university education at Stony Brook University and creating the Center for News Literacy. The birth of social media established a new world in which, “all of us
Truth Decay by RAND Corporation

Truth Decay by RAND Corporation

Truth Decay, a report from the RAND Corporation, details the “diminishing role of facts and analysis in American public life.” The report identifies and details four trends that contribute to the erosion of civil discourse: increasing disagreement about facts and analytical interpretations of facts and data, a blurring of the line between opinion and fact,
Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone Of Civic Online Reasoning by The Stanford History Education Group

Evaluating Information: The Cornerstone Of Civic Online Reasoning by The Stanford History Education Group

The Stanford History Education Group conducted educational assessments across the country to measure civic online reasoning that found that “young people’s ability to reason about the information on the Internet can be summed up in one word: bleak.” The report provides examples of the assessments used in the study that teachers can replicate as both
Faking News: Fraudulent News and the Fight for Truth by PEN America

Faking News: Fraudulent News and the Fight for Truth by PEN America

PEN America, whose mission is to “unite writers and their allies to celebrate creative expression and defend the liberties that make it possible,” evaluates the phenomena of fake news and society’s response to it in “Faking News: Fraudulent News and the Fight for Truth.” The report examines the strategies employed by tech giants Facebook, Google
New York Times In Education Instructional Strategy by Barrett Bonella

New York Times In Education Instructional Strategy by Barrett Bonella

Knowing how to properly research is a skill that a journalist picks up over time. Barrett Bonella, a professor at Weber State University, is attempting to teach her students how to become informed consumers in her Social Work Research course. In an entire paper, her students compare a popular scientific finding and a New York
Papers from the Center for News Literacy at Stony Brook University’s School of Journalism

Papers from the Center for News Literacy at Stony Brook University’s School of Journalism

Stony Brook University gives us selection of papers from a variety of different authors at the Center for News Literacy to expand our knowledge and understanding of news literacy. The research covers the subtle nuances of news literacy globally, in different media realms and in attempting to teach the necessary skill in our modern world. Take
Can News Literacy Be Taught? by John Dyer

Can News Literacy Be Taught? by John Dyer

Journalist John Dyer questions if the difficult skill of news literacy can be taught long term on a broad scale in an article from the Nieman Reports, which features a quote from News Co/Lab founder Eric Newton. Dyer raises the issue of cognitive bias and just how much pure emotion and fixed points of view
News Literacy: What Works And What Doesn’t by Renee Hobbs

News Literacy: What Works And What Doesn’t by Renee Hobbs

In a presentation at the 2010 Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (AEJMC) conference, Renee Hobbs offers seven principles meant to “guide the pedagogy of news literacy and offer a critique of other models now emerging in the field.” The unique perspective is a result in part of a university-school partnership program between college
Mission:Information–Tackling Misinformation with News Literacy Curriculum by Sarah Morris

Mission:Information–Tackling Misinformation with News Literacy Curriculum by Sarah Morris

MisinfoCon’s detailed blog post by Sarah Morris talks about creating Mission:Information, a foundational news and web literacy curriculum for teens with three interactive, foundational lessons. The goal is to address misinformation by educating youth on how to be informed participants in online news spaces. If you are a youth educator, this curriculum is perfect to implement